In honor of Hispanic Heritage Month, this month’s program is about the celebration called Día de los Muertos (Day of the Dead).
What is Day of the Dead?
Day of the Dead is not the Mexican version of Halloween! The traditions and tone of both celebrations are different. Halloween is a scary night of terror and mischief. Whereas Day of the Dead festivities happen over two days in an explosion of color and life-affirming joy. The point of Day of the Dead is to demonstrate love and respect for deceased friends and family members.
Revelers often wear masks, colorful makeup, and costumes. They hold parades, parties, sing, dance, and make offerings to honor deceased loved ones. The rituals have deep symbolic meanings.
Because of migration, Day of the Dead celebrations are found in Mexico, Guatemala, the United States, and other parts of the world. It is important to note that Day of the Dead celebrations vary from place to place.
The more you understand, the more you will appreciate Day of the Dead. You can learn more by visiting our virtual exhibit, Day of the Dead: Artifact Profiles, or by visiting the Museum to see our annual exhibit Life After Death: The Day of the Dead in Mexico, on display through December 10, 2021.
Day of the Dead started thousands of years ago with the Aztec, Toltec, and other peoples of Mesoamerica. For these ancient cultures, mourning the dead was believed to be disrespectful because death was a natural part of the life cycle. The memory and spirits of the dead were kept alive through various memorial days, religious rituals, and celebrations.
In ancient times, skulls were used to honor the dead. During celebrations, people wore costumes and used caretas, or masks, to scare the dead away at the end of the festivities.
After the Spanish conquest, these indigenous religious traditions were absorbed into Catholic celebrations.
Today, Day of the Dead is a combination of these ancient rituals and Christian feasts. Celebrations takes place on November 1, All Saints’ Day, and November 2, All Souls’ Day.
Revelers today paint their faces or wear skull masks to represent a deceased loved one. The idea is to dance in honor of a loved one or keep the spirits close.
Let’s Decorate a Day of the Dead Mask!
You can find lots of examples of Day of the Dead masks on the internet for ideas on how to decorate your mask. Have fun and be creative!
You will need:
• Mask template (Or a mask from home)
• Hole punch
• Markers or colored pencils
• Tape or stapler
• Yarn or string
• Optional: flowers, stickers, buttons, jewels, ribbons
1. Download mask template.
2. Print mask on cardstock.
3. Using the dark lines as a guide cut out the mask form. Make sure to cut out the eyes.
4. Punch holes in mask for yarn or string.
5. Use markers or colored pencils to color and decorate your mask.
6. Using glue, tape or stapler form your mask. Fold along the dotted lines for the nose.
7. Tie yarn or string in the holes so you can wear your mask.
8. Once you’ve created the mask form you can continue to decorate your mask with flowers, ribbons, stickers, anything you want.
NOTE: If you have a plain mask form or old Halloween mask at home, you can use that. If you use an old Halloween mask you will need to use acrylic craft paints to paint and decorate it. After the paint is dry you can embellish your mask anyway you want.